The project of the Master’s course in Literary Theory at UNIANDRADE, which was submitted for appreciation by the end of 2005, was elaborated by a group of post-doctoral professors, former faculty members of Brazilian and foreign higher education institutions. Recommended by CAPES, the program opened its first selective process in the second semester of 2006. At first little known in the region, the Master’s course gradually won academic recognition due to the prominence of its teaching staff, renowned for publications in high-level periodicals as a result of their membership affiliation to recognized national and international associations. The faculty’s dedication to their tutorial activities, mainly as thesis advisors, attracted candidates not only from Curitiba and but also from other regions of Paraná and Santa Catarina.
In relation to research, the proposal for the creation of the Master’s course in Letters in UNIANDRADE also considered the internal and external necessity of expansion of researches that were being developed in the institution. In this sense, it should be highlighted that institutional politics related to post-graduation implemented in the last years through the hiring of qualified professors, the strengthening of the library, the laboratories and the infrastructure, prepared the ground to facilitate researches at more advanced levels. Since its idealization, besides the focus on the development of research and researchers, the Master’s project aimed at the deepening of the critical capacity and expansion of the academicians’ theoretical tools, thus providing subsidies for a more solid intellectual development for professionals in the field of Letters and similar areas, bearing in mind two other priority objectives: the adequate preparation of masters for performing in higher education and the deepening of their critical reading abilities, in accordance with the discussions of the contemporary world.
The activities of the Master Program have turned to the role of the main lines and currents of criticism and literary theory, focusing on Brazilian and foreign literature, literature and its links with history, philosophy, politics, reinforcing the social nuance and expanding the artistic space of literature. In addition, the course was grounded on a wide range of cross-language, which characterizes the current discussion of literary theory. Thus, the course offers a range of theoretical approaches that, starting from literary studies, will cover the most up-to-date discussions on cultural criticism and other versions of culturalism stemming from interrelated approaches to postmodernity. That is, the objective was to discuss, through the subjetcs offered and the research, the various possibilities of literary approaches and their relations with culture, history, other arts and theory itself, whether in their traditional or formulated approaches in the last decades.
The exercise of written and oral critical discourse provided by the course, directed to the reception of the literary text and to the production of scientific papers like reviews, articles for publication in specialized journals, newspapers and magazines, opens up possibilities in the job market. The specific mastery of theoretical tools and practices for the reading and critical analysis of literary and non-literary works, as well as the possibility of moving through multiple languages, verbal, non-verbal and mixed ones, and through different genres and modalities, stimulates criticism and creativity. It is possible to observe, in the former students, the taste for research and the direction to activities related not only to literary studies, but also to the arts and interdisciplinary cultural studies.
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